“Like other Pacific countries, our survival depends on the choices we make here in Paris,” he said, echoing the concerns of many small island states (SIS) around the world. William Nordhaus of Yale University writes for Foreign Affairs and ponders how to fix the world`s failed climate efforts. In July 2020, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced that it had assessed a 20% probability of global warming compared to pre-industrial levels above 1.5°C at least one year between 2020 and 2024, with 1.5°C being a key threshold under the Paris Agreement.   The long-term temperature objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the global average temperature rise well below 2°C (3.6°F) above pre-industrial levels; and continue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C (2.7°F), which would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change. This should be done by reducing emissions as soon as possible in order to “achieve a balance between anthropogenic emissions from sources and removals of greenhouse gases by sinks” in the second half of the 21st century. It also aims to increase the parties` ability to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and to “balance financial flows with a trajectory towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development”. Rising seas. Tens of millions of people live in coastal regions that would be submerged in the coming decades. Small island States are particularly vulnerable. The agreement also reminds the parties of the importance of public subsidies, as adaptation measures receive less investment from the public sector.  John Kerry, as Secretary of State, announced that the United States would double its subsidy-based adjustment funding by 2020.  Two studies published in Nature found that in 2017, none of the major industrialized countries are implementing the measures they have presented and have not met the promised emission reduction targets, and even if they had, the sum of all accession commitments (from 2016 ongoing) would not keep the increase in global temperature “well below 2°C”.
  Heads of state and government from 147 countries spoke at the appropriate meeting known as COP21. In recent decades, governments have collectively committed to slowing global warming. But despite increased diplomacy, the world could soon face the devastating consequences of climate change. (b) improving the capacity to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and promoting climate resilience and the development of low greenhouse gas emissions in a way that does not compromise food production; Article 28 of the Agreement allows the Parties to withdraw from the Contract after notification of the withdrawal to the Depositary […].